Anatomy Terms and Definitions for Nursing
Be sure to study our Medical Dictionary for more Medical Terms.
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Here are some English anatomy terms that are commonly used while one is training to be a nurse practitioner. By default, after repetitive practice during nurse training, most of these medical words will eventually become second nature to you by the time you have a nursing job.
- Abdomen is the stomach area of the body.
- Achilles is a strong, fibrous tendon that connects the calf muscles to the heel. The calf muscle is actually formed by two muscles (underlying soleus and the outer gastrocnemius).
- Appendix is a tube-shaped sac that is connected to and opening into the lower end of the large intestine; it is found on the lower right-side of the stomach.
- Artery is a blood vessel that transports blood from the heart to all parts of the human body.
- Blood vessel is a tubular structure that carries blood through the organs and tissues.
- Bronchitis is an inflammation of the mucous membrane, which causes lung infection. Usually, it causes coughing and bronchospasm (spasm of the bronchial muscle).
- Bronchus is of any of the major air passages of the human lungs that separate from the trachea (windpipe).
- Cartilage is a firm, flexible, and elastic connective tissues that are found in various forms (larynx, external ear, etc.).
- Cecum is a sac connected to the joint of the small and large intestines; in addition, it’s where the large intestine begins.
- Cerebral cortex is the layer of the brain that is typically described as “gray matter,” and it also plays an important role in consciousness.
- Chromosome is any handful threadlike structures that carry genetic informations in the form of genes, and each chromosome consists of a DNA bearing a linear sequence of genes. The human species has 23 pairs, and to illustrate, two X chromosomes in females; by contrast, one X and one Y in males.
- Colonin anatomy is the main part of the large intestine / rectum, and it is the end portion of the human gastrointestinal tract that expand from the mouth to the anus.
- Esophagus is the section of the canal that connects the throat to the stomach. It is the muscular tube through which the food passes from the throat to the stomach.
- Fallopian tube in the female anatomy is either of a pair of tubes which ova (eggs) travel from the ovaries to the uterus.
- Gall Bladder is a small spear-shaped organ beneath the liver, in which bile is stored.
- Gland is a group of cells, or an organ that secretes chemical substances for the use in the the human body.
- Larynx is the voice box, and it is a hollow muscular organ that forms an air passage to the lungs, along with holding the vocal cords.
- Ligament is a short band of tough fibrous connective tissue that connects two bones or cartilages; in addition, its job is to hold organs in place.
- Membrane is a thin, pliable sheet structure acting as a lining or boundary in an organism. It serves to line an organ or connect parts.
- Mucous membranes is a tissue that secretes mucus, which lubricates the membrane lining of many cavities and organs including the respiratory passages and stomach.
- Nasal cavity is the human nose, and it cleans, moisturizes, and warms the air that enters the nostrils.
- Platelet is a small round cell fragment found in large numbers in blood and associated with clotting of blood.
- Sinus is a hollow cavity within a bone or other tissues, especially in the skull connecting with the nasal cavities or the bones of the face.
- Spleen has a critical role in the body’s ability to act as a filter and to manufacture antibodies that help resist infection. It also removes harmful microorganisms from the blood in order to clear out old blood cells.
- Tendon is a flexible, tough tissues that connects a muscle to a bone; for example, the hamstring of a quadruped is classified as a tendon.
- Thyroid gland is the large gland in the neck that secretes hormones that controls growth and development through metabolic rate.
- Tonsils is the lymphoid tissue in the throat on each side of the throat (root of the tongue).
- Trachea is a windpipe that connects the larynx to the bronchial tubes, and it transport air to and from the lungs.
- Trigeminal nerve is the largest pair of cranial nerves, and it controls the muscles for chewing food.
- Ureter is the tube or duct in which the urine passes from the the kidney to the bladder.
- Vein is a blood vessel or tube that carries blood towards the heart.
- Vocal cords is folds of two small muscles located within the larynx (voice box), and they produce vibration in the air in order to create voice production. they are located at about the level of Adam’s apple in the neck.
Nursing Glossary compiled from Nursing Journals. Copyright 2011 Fasttrack.nu